Statutory and interim reports are the results of studies and surveys, investigations of complaints, and appraisals of federal laws and policies undertaken by the Commission to meet its mandate from Congress. These reports address civil rights issues of long-term interest and generally include findings and recommendations.
Voting Irregularities in Florida During the 2000 Presidential Election. Examines the extent of and reasons for voter disenfranchisement in Florida and covers such issues as Election Day problems, felon exclusion lists, voting technology, accessibility concerns, resource allocation, and election responsibility and accountability. 130 pp. No. 005-902-00065-7. (Appendix.328 pp. No. 005-902-00064-9). (June 2001)
A Bridge to One America: The Civil Rights Performance of the Clinton Administration. Evaluates the effect the Clinton administration had on the nation’s progress in removing barriers to equal opportunity. 82 pp.
Sharing the Dream: Is the ADA Accommodating All?Focuses on the practical effects of the Americans with Disabilities Act, recent Supreme Court decisions and judicial trends in ADA enforcement, substance abuse and the ADA, and the act’s coverage of people with psychiatric and mental disabilities. 101 pp. No. 005-907-00594-4. (October 2000)
Overcoming the Past, Focusing on the Future: An Assessment of the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission’s Enforcement Efforts. Focuses on the extent of EEOC’s success in fulfilling its mandate as the lead agency charged with eradicating employment discrimination. 391 pp. No. 005-907-00593-6.
Equal Educational Opportunity and Nondiscrimination for Girls in Advanced Mathematics, Science, and Technology Education: Federal Enforcement of Title IX. Volume V of the Equal Educational Opportunity Project Series. Evaluates efforts of the Office for Civil Rights in the Department of Education to enforce Title IX as it relates to advanced mathematics, science, and technology education for girls. 159 pp. No. 005-901-00072-3.
Racial and Ethnic Tensions in American Communities: Poverty, Inequality, and Discrimination—Volume VI: The New York Report. Based on hearings in New York City. Covers immigrants and low-skill labor markets, minorities and women in the finance industry, effects of securities industry rules on minority and women securities professionals, and the role of community reinvestment. 247 pp. No. 005-901-00071-5.
The Health Care Challenge: Acknowledging Disparity, Confronting Discrimination, and Ensuring Equality, Volume I, The Role of Governmental and Private Health Care Programs and Initiatives. Examines health status of minorities and women and relevant governmental and private programs. 287 pp. No. 005-902-00062-2.
The Health Care Challenge: Acknowledging Disparity, Confronting Discrimination, and Ensuring Equality, Volume II, The Role of Federal Civil Rights Enforcement Efforts. Examines the enforcement of civil rights by the Department of Health and Human Services. 438 pp. No. 005-902-00063-1.
Equal Educational Opportunity and Nondiscrimination for Minority Students: Federal Enforcement of Title VI in Ability Grouping Practices. Volume IV of the Equal Educational Opportunity Project Series. Looks at compliance and enforcement efforts of the Office for Civil Rights in the Department of Education in ability grouping and tracking in the public schools. 149 pp. No. 005-907-00591-0.
Helping State and Local Governments Comply with the ADA—An Assessment of How the United States Department of Justice Is Enforcing Title II, Subpart A, of the Americans with Disabilities Act. 167 pp. No. 005-907-00590-1.
Helping Employers Comply with the ADA—An Assessment of How the United States Equal Employment Opportunity Commission Is Enforcing Title I of the Americans with Disabilities Act. 312 pp. No. 005-906-00013-0.
Equal Educational Opportunity and Nondiscrimination for Students with Disabilities: Federal Enforcement of Section 504. Volume II of the Equal Educational Opportunity Project Series, examining the enforcement in education of protections for students with disabilities. 408 pp. No. 005-901-00068-5.
Equal Educational Opportunity and Nondiscrimination for Students with Limited English Proficiency: Federal Enforcement of Title VI and Lau v. Nichols. Volume III of the Equal Educational Opportunity Project Series, examining the enforcement in education of protections for students whose English-language ability is limited. 232 pp. No. 005-901-00066-9.
Racial and Ethnic Tensions in American Communities: Poverty, Inequality, and Discrimination—Vol. IV: The Miami Report. Report on a hearing held in Miami, Florida, in 1995, that looked at the impact of language policies on race relations in Florida, immigrant use of public benefits programs, and distinctions in refugee and asylum policies. 147 pp. No. 005-901-00067-7.
Federal Title VI Enforcement to Ensure Nondiscrimination in Federally Assisted Programs. A comprehensive evaluation and analysis of the U.S. Department of Justice’s performance in its leadership and coordination responsibilities for Title VI. Includes the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights’ analysis of the Title VI enforcement efforts of 10 federal agencies and 10 subagencies. 677 pp. No. 005-910-00024-2.
Equal Educational Opportunity Project Series: Volume I. An examination of the role of the U.S. Department of Education in enforcing the civil rights laws as they pertain to equal educational opportunity. 264 pp. No. 005-90-00588-0.
Racial and Ethnic Tensions in American Communities: Poverty, Inequality, and Discrimination—Vol. III: The Chicago Report. Based on a three-day hearing in Chicago, Illinois, on June 24–26, 1992. 177 pp. No. 005-901-00065-1.
Racial and Ethnic Tensions in American Communities: Poverty, Inequality, and Discrimination—A National Perspective. Volume II of the racial and ethnic tensions series. Executive summary and transcript of a hearing held in Washington, DC, May 21–22, 1992. 1995. 204 pp. No. 005-901-00064-2.
The Fair Housing Amendments Act of 1988: The Enforcement Report. Assesses the fair housing activities of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development and the U.S. Department of Justice. 1994. 249 pp. No. 005-901-00063-4.
Enforcement of Equal Employment and Economic Opportunity Laws and Programs Relating to Federally Assisted Transportation Projects. Commission’s evaluation of selected aspects of civil rights enforcement by the Departments of Transportation and Labor. 1993. 15 pp.
Prospects and Impact of Losing State and Local Agencies from the Federal Fair Housing System. Focuses on progress being made by state and local agencies to gain certification from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development to process federal fair housing complaints and the consequences if many agencies fail to be certified. 88 pp. No. 005-901-00060-0.
The Indian Civil Rights Act. The culmination of a study begun in 1986 which included hearings in five locations and information gathered through field interviews, staff research, oral and written correspondence, statements submitted by tribes, and responses to Commission requests for information. Reviews enactment of the Indian Civil Rights Act and initial enforcement, and then addresses its enforcement today. 100 pp. No. 005-908-00021-3.
Report of the United States Commission on Civil Rights on the Civil Rights Act of 1990. 97 pp. No. 005-901-0059-6.
Medical Discrimination Against Children with Disabilities. Looks at the nature and extent of the practice of withholding medical treatment and nourishment from children born with disabilities. Among areas discussed are the role of quality of life judgments, economic considerations, infant care review committees, the relationship between parents and physicians, and enforcement of the Child Abuse Amendments of 1984. 513 pp. No. 005-901-00058-8.
The Immigration Reform and Control Act: Assessing the Evaluation Process. Examines the reports by the General Accounting Office on the extent of discrimination and the burden on employers under the employer sanctions provisions of the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986. Concludes that the law has caused at least a pattern of discrimination. 46 pp.
The Decline of Black Farming in America. Examines problems facing black farmers and the historical and current conditions that have contributed to the loss of black-operated farmland in the past and threaten the survival of black-owned farms in this country today. 1983. 196 pp. No. 005-901-00031-6.
Who Is Guarding the Guardians? A Report on Police Practices. Based on a national consultation held in Washington, DC; hearings in Philadelphia and Houston; several State Advisory Committee reports and open meetings; and research during and after the hearings. 173 pp. No. 005-901-00029-4.
The Voting Rights Act: Unfulfilled Goals. An evaluation of the status of minority voting rights in jurisdictions covered by the original provisions of the 1965 act. 426 pp. No. 005-901-00028-6.
The Tarnished Golden Door: Civil Rights Issues in Immigration. Examines the immigration law enforcement process and the civil rights problems encountered by American residents who are racially and culturally identifiable with a major immigrant group. Based on a Commission hearing in Washington, DC. 158 pp. No. 005-901-00025-1.
Extending Equal Employment Opportunity Law to Congress. Analyzes the constitutional issues that could arise if federal equal employment opportunity laws were extended to employees of the U.S. legislative branch. 37 pp. No. 005-901-00024-3.
The Federal Fair Housing Enforcement Effort. Evaluates federal attempts to enforce nondiscrimination in housing from January 1975 through August 1978. 235 pp. No. 005-901-00020-1.
The Age Discrimination Study. A study of unreasonable discrimination on the basis of age in the administration of programs or activities receiving federal financial assistance. Based on hearings in Denver, Miami, San Francisco, and Washington, DC. Part I: Summary, Findings, and Recommendations. 1977. 55 pp. No. 005-901-00018-9. Part II: Detailed Analysis and Methodology. 1979. 298 pp. No. 005-901-00019-7.
Improving Hispanic Unemployment Data: The Department of Labor’s Continuing Obligation. Evaluates the adequacy of the Labor Department’s efforts to comply with provisions of Public Law 94-311 that mandate improvements in collection, analysis, and publication of unemployment data on Hispanics. 31 pp. No. 005-901-00016-2.
Puerto Ricans in the Continental United States: An Uncertain Future. Examines the living conditions of Puerto Ricans, focusing on education, employment, and income, and analyzes the failure of federal programs to meet their needs. 170 pp. No. 005-901-00010-3.
Twenty Years After Brown. Includes a history of the civil rights struggle and examines the extent of civil rights progress since 1954 in education, economic status, and housing. 187 pp. (First printed as four separate monographs in 1974 and 1975.) No. 005-901-00008-1.
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 extended the functions of the Commission by giving it a responsibility to provide information to national and community organizations and institutions, government agencies, and the general public on civil rights matters. As part of this function, the Commission issues clearinghouse publications designed to increase understanding by providing reliable information about civil rights problems and about the laws, procedures, and approaches available for resolving them.
Funding Federal Civil Rights Enforcement. A review of funding for the period 1981–1996 for civil rights enforcement by the Departments of Justice, Housing and Urban Development, Labor, Education, and Health and Human Services and the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. CHP 98. 79 pp. No. 005-902-00061-4.
Constructing Denver’s New Airport: Are Minorities and Women Benefiting? A summary report of a forum held in Denver, Colorado, June 21–22, 1991. CHP 97. 63 pp. No. 005-902-00059-2.
Intimidation and Violence: Racial and Religious Bigotry in America. An update of a 1983 statement. CHP 96. 29 pp. No. 005-902-00057-6.
The Economic Status of Americans of Asian Descent: An Exploratory Investigation. Details the earnings, employment, education, and other characteristics of Asian Americans and Asian immigrants, separating national groups and isolating foreign from native-born Asian Americans. Covers 1960 to 1980 and makes recommendations for future research and data collection. CHP 95. 171 pp. No. 005-902-00056-8.
Toward an Understanding of Johnson. Statements of the Commissioners about and text of the U.S. Supreme Court decision in Johnson v. Transportation Agency. CHP 94. 66 pp. No. 005-902-00047-9.
Federal Enforcement of Equal Employment Requirements. Describes the responsibilities and policies of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, the Employment Litigation Section of the Justice Department’s Civil Rights Division, and the Labor Department’s Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs during the Reagan administration. CHP 93. 40 pp. No. 005-902-00041-0.
New Evidence on School Desegregation. Prepared under contract by the Unicon Research Corporation, this report analyzes data from 125 school districts for 1967 to 1985 to see the extent of racial imbalance in schools. The study also examines trends in white enrollment in desegregated districts and exposure of minority to white students. Desegregation, white enrollment, and exposure of minorities to whites are correlated to types of desegregation plans. Appendices include data by district for first and last periods and plan components. CHP 92. 176 pp. No. 005-902-00045-2.
The Economic Progress of Black Men in America. Examines earnings and employment of black men from 1940 to 1980, sources of the earnings gap with white men, effects of civil rights policies, and unexplained differentials. Includes a multivariate analysis of the earnings gap between black and white men and highlights issues for future research. CHP 91. 157 pp. No. 005-902-00040-1.
An Annotated Bibliography on Selected Fair Housing Issues. Covers items published from 1974 through early 1986, dealing with background of fair housing policy and laws; residential patterns; housing for the handicapped; enforcement of fair housing laws; standards of proof for Title VIII violations; remedies for housing discrimination; and other bibliographies on fair housing. CHP 90. 52 pp. No. 005-902-00048-7.
The Economic Status of Americans of Southern and Eastern European Ancestry. Describes historical background, population characteristics, current labor market status, and intergenerational change in education and employment of Americans of Southern and Eastern European ancestry. Identifies further research needs and concludes that Euroethnic groups are on a par with or surpass the economic status of other white Americans. CHP 89. 79 pp. No. 005-902-00046-1.
Recent Activities Against Citizens and Residents of Asian Descent. Discusses historical discrimination against Asian immigrants and Asian Americans, demography of persons of Asian descent, factors in anti-Asian activity, and specific incidents since 1982 of violence, harassment, intimidation, and vandalism against persons of Asian descent. CHP 88. 87 pp. No. 005-902-00043-6.
A Citizen’s Guide to Understanding the Voting Rights Act. Explains the provisions of the 1965 Voting Rights Act as amended, including preclearance, minority language protections, and federal observers, and how individuals and groups may make complaints. Appendices include the text of the act, lists of jurisdictions covered, various sample letters, and source materials. CHP 84. 91 pp. No. 005-902-00038-0.
Fifteen Years Ago . . . Rural Alabama Revisited. Studies six Alabama counties to determine the extent of changes in education, employment, and health conditions of blacks since 1968. CHP 83. 143 pp. No. 005-902-00037-1.
Religion in the Constitution: A Delicate Balance. Addresses the issues of religious discrimination. CHP 80. 79 pp. No. 005-902-00034-7.
Health Insurance—Coverage and Employment Opportunities for Minorities and Women. Examines employment of minorities and women in the insurance industry and the health insurance coverage of minorities and women. CHP 72. 56 pp. No. 005-902-00028-2.
The Equal Rights Amendment: Guaranteeing Equal Rights for Women Under the Constitution. An update to the Commission’s 1978 assessment of the ERA. CHP 68. 29 pp. No. 005-902-00026-6.
More Hurdles to Clear: Women and Girls in Competitive Athletics. Reviews the history and assesses the status of females in intercollegiate and interscholastic athletics. Summarizes HEW’s enforcement of Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 that prohibits discrimination based on sex in education and athletic programs receiving federal financial assistance. CHP 63. 87 pp. No. 005-902-00016-9.
Women—Still in Poverty. Describes the operation of the welfare system, job training programs, employment discrimination, and child care availability and their effects on women. CHP 60. 50 pp. No. 005-902-00012-6.
Statement on the Equal Rights Amendment. Discusses the need for the ERA and reviews the effects of state equal rights amendments. CHP 56. 32 pp. No. 005-902-00010-0. (Also available in Spanish.)
A Guide to Federal Laws and Regulations Prohibiting Sex Discrimination. (Revised edition.) Summarizes federal laws, policies, and regulations banning sex discrimination and tells how to file complaints. CHP 46. 189 pp. No. 005-902-00007-0.
Hearings, Consultations, and Conferences
These documents are transcripts of discussions at conferences and consultations sponsored by the Commission and of testimony at Commission hearings. Commission reports derived from the hearings are noted parenthetically. Consultations are forums at which experts provide information to help the Commission formulate positions on specific civil rights issues. Commission hearings focus government and public attention on civil rights problems and examine the manner in which federal authorities discharge their civil rights responsibilities. The hearings have also used specific communities as microcosms to identify civil rights issues of national interest and to explore and evaluate successful solutions applicable to other parts of the country. Witnesses and participants have included representatives of federal, state, and local agencies; of public and private organizations; of business, education, labor, and the professions; and private citizens.
Schools and Religion. Executive summary and transcripts of proceedings held in Washington, DC, New York City, and Seattle, WA, in 1998. Focus on implementation of Equal Access Act. 275 pp. No. 005-903-00062-9.
Racial and Ethnic Tensions in American Communities: Poverty, Inequality, and Discrimination—Los Angeles Hearing. Executive summary and transcript of hearing held in Los Angeles, California, June 15–17, 1993. 468 pp. No. 005-901-00069-3.
Racial and Ethnic Tensions in American Communities: Poverty, Inequality, and Discrimination—A National Perspective. Executive summary and transcript of hearing held in Washington, DC, May 21–22, 1992. 204 pp. No. 005-901-00064-2.
Hearing Before the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, Phoenix, Ariz., Sept. 29, 1988, on enforcement of the Indian Civil Rights Act. 372 pp. No. 005-903-00059-9.
Hearing Before the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, Flagstaff, Ariz., July 20, 1988, on enforcement of the Indian Civil Rights Act. 374 pp. No. 005-903-00058-1.
Hearing Before the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, Washington, DC, May 16–18, 1988, on civil rights aspects of public health policies and initiatives to control AIDS. 415 pp. No. 005-903-00060-2.
Hearing Before the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, Portland, Ore., Mar. 31, 1988, on enforcement of the Indian Civil Rights Act. 173 pp. No. 005-903-00056-4.
Hearing Before the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, Washington, DC, Jan. 28, 1988, on enforcement of the Indian Civil Rights Act. 478 pp. No. 005-903-00055-6.
Hearing Before the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, Flagstaff, Ariz., Aug. 13–14, 1987, on enforcement of the Indian Civil Rights Act. 238 pp. No. 005-903-00054-8.
Hearing Before the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, Rapid City, S. Dak., July 31–Aug. 1, Aug. 21, 1986, on enforcement of the Indian Civil Rights Act. 407 pp. No. 005-903-00042-4.
Hearing Before the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, Washington, DC, June 26–27, 1986, vol. II, 273 pp. No. 005-903-00041-6, on protection of handicapped newborns. (Also see Medical Discrimination Against Children with Disabilities.)
Hearing Before the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, Miami, Fla., Dec. 8–11, 1980, on the state of civil rights in Miami and Dade County. 625 pp. No. 005-903-00038-6.
Hearing Before the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, Louisville, Ky., June 14–16, 1976, on school desegregation. 858 pp. No. 005-903-00010-6.
Consultations and Conferences
The Crisis of the Young African American Male in the Inner Cities. A consultation held Apr. 15–16, 1999, in Washington, DC. Vol. 1, Topic Papers Submitted, 191 pp. No. 005-904-00024-2. Vol. 2, Proceedings, 124 pp. No. 005-904-00025-1.
The Validity of Testing in Education and Employment. Based on a consultation held on June 16, 1989, that focused on tests of ability, achievement, or other skills. The issues concerned test construction procedures and how to establish validity. 1993. 192 pp. No. 005-908-00015-9.
Voices Across America: Roundtable Discussions of Asian Civil Rights Issues. Summary and transcript of roundtable conferences in Houston, New York, and San Francisco during the summer of 1989. 283 pp. No. 005-903-00061-1. (Also seeCivil Rights Issues Facing Asian Americans in the 1990s.)
Changing Perspectives on Civil Rights. A forum held December 8–9, 1988, in Nashville, TN. Discussion of equal opportunity for minorities in education and economic development. 199 pp. No. 005-904-00023-4.
Changing Perspectives on Civil Rights. A forum held September 8–9, 1988, in Los Angeles. Discussion focused on how demographic changes in the United States may affect civil rights issues and policies in the future. Includes selected papers. 426 pp. No. 005-904-00022-6.
Issues in Housing Discrimination. A consultation/hearing held Nov. 12–13, 1985, in Washington, DC. Vol. 1, Papers Presented, 238 pp. No. 005-904-00017-0. Vol. 2, Proceedings, 130 pp. No. 005-904-00018-8.
Comparable Worth: Issue for the 80’s. A consultation held June 6–7, 1984, in Washington, DC. Vol. 1, Papers, 234 pp. No. 005-904-00015-3.
A Sheltered Crisis: The State of Fair Housing in the Eighties. Papers presented at a consultation held Sept. 26–27, 1983. 227 pp. No. 005-904-00014-5.
Consultations on the Affirmative Action Statement of the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights. Assessments of the Commission’s draft Affirmative Action in the 1980s presented Feb. 10 and Mar. 10–11, 1981. Vol. I, Papers Presented, 288 pp. No. 005-904-00012-9. Vol. II, Proceedings, 214 pp. No. 005-904-00013-7.
Civil Rights Issues in Health Care Delivery. Consultation held Apr. 15–16, 1980, in Washington, DC. 960 pp. No. 005-904-00010-2.
Beyond Percentage Plans: The Challenge of Equal Opportunity in Higher Education. November 2002. 118 pp.
A Community Meeting on Race Relations in Ruleville, Mississippi.June 27, 1997. 23 pp.
Discussion of Race Relations Issues in Greene County, Alabama. June 26, 1997. 46 pp.
Equal Employment Rights for Federal Employees. 1993. 25 pp.
Bigotry and Violence on American College Campuses. 1990. 80 pp. No. 005-907-00567-7.
The Economic Status of Black Women: An Exploratory Investigation. 1990. 171 pp. No. 005-906-00010-5.
Police-Community Relations in San Jose. Staff report on monitoring San Jose’s efforts to improve police-community relations over a three-year period. 1980. 19 pp. No. 005-906-00005-9.
Publicaciones en Español
Las Prácticas Policiales y la Preservación de los Derechos Civiles. Declaraciones expresando la preocupación de que las violaciones de derechos civiles por parte de algunos oficiales de la policía constituyen un serio problema nacional. Contiene recomendaciones sobre acción a ser tomada por el gobierno federal y normas a ser adoptadas por las comunidades para remediar el abuso de la policía. 1980. No. 005-905-00009-5.
Declaraciones Relativas a la Enmienda Sobre Igualdad de Derechos. Discute la necesidad que existe por la Enmienda sobre Igualdad de Derechos y analiza los efectos de las enmiendas estatales sobre la igualdad de derechos. 1978. 38 págs. No. 005-905-00014-1.
The U.S. Department of Education’s "Race-Neutral Alternatives in Postsecondary Education: Innovative Approaches to Diversity—Are They Viable Substitutes for Affirmative Action?" May 2003. 12 pp.
Crossing Borders: The Administration of Justice and Civil Rights Protections in the Immigration and Asylum Context. Project Summary. January 2003. 32 pp.
Anniversary Update on Commission Activities Related to September 11. September 2002. 11 pp.
Additional Statement of Commissioner Constance Horner on the Los Angeles Report.Vol. 5 of Racial and Ethnic Tensions in American Communities: Poverty, Inequality, and Discrimination. May 1995. 1 p.
State Advisory Committee Handbook. Explains functions of State Advisory Committees. 1994. 32 pp. No. 005-908-00020-5.
Allegations of Police Misconduct in the Context of Nonviolent Public Demonstrations. Briefing before the Commission, Sept. 15, 1989. 35 pp.
Statements of the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights: Firefighters v. Stotts. Hishon v. King & Spalding. 1985. 4 pp. No. 005-901-00056-1.
Statement of the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights on Civil Rights Enforcement in Education. Assesses efforts of Departments of Education and Justice to reduce federal civil rights enforcement in education. 1983. 10 pp. No. 005-908-00005-1.
Civil Rights: A National, Not a Special Interest. A statement assessing the effect of the administration’s proposed FY 1981 budget on civil rights enforcement programs and efforts. 1981. 130 pp. No. 005-902-00021-5.