Police Practices and Civil Rights in New York City


Appendix A

Status of Task Force on Police/Community Relations Recommendations


On August 19, 1997, 10 days after the Louima incident, Mayor Rudolph Giuliani established the Task Force on Police/Community Relations. The task force began its factfinding process by convening a series of public forums that included both members of the community and members of the NYPD. Several thousand community residents were invited to these forums, and approximately 350 people attended in total.[1] The task force put forth 91 recommendations.

During its investigation, the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights expected specific and detailed information from the NYPD that would have allowed the Commission to determine the extent to which the task force recommendations were being implemented, and with what impact. Regrettably, the information provided to the Commission lacked specificity with regard to scope, strategy, timeframe, cost, impact, etc.

For example, the task force recommended that the NYPD implement an aggressive affirmative action plan designed to create a police force more reflective of the City's population. The NYPD informed the Commission that the recommendation had been IMPLEMENTED. But such a conclusory statement does not allow for a careful evaluation and conclusion regarding the impact and/or effectiveness of the task force recommendation. A careful evaluation of the facts could have been conducted only if the NYPD had provided the Commission with such information as goals, timetables, positions targeted, outreach efforts, and rates of success. What follows is a reproduction of the information provided to the Commission by the NYPD regarding the status of the 91 task force recommendations.

 

Task Force   Number

 
Recommendation

 
Status

1

The task force recommend that the police department build on the current Courtesy, Professional and Respect (CPR) Strategy

 IMPLEMENTED

1A

Institute a code of professional standards

 IMPLEMENTED

1B

Institutionalize CPR training outside the precinct (attach to In-Tac training)

 IMPLEMENTED

1C

Separate CPR Academies and Borough Conferences for supervisors

PARTIALLY
IMPLEMENTED

1D

Rank-specific CPR evaluation surveys by an independent body

NOT NYPD

1E

Increased CPR compliance testing

IMPLEMENTED

2

The task force recommends the enhancement of Precinct Community Councils

IMPLEMENTED

2A

Mandated policy and procedural manual for Precinct Councils

IMPLEMENTED

2B

 Monthly Precinct Council newsletter produced by DCCA

IMPLEMENTED

2C

Institute mandated quarterly meetings with all precinct commanders and Precinct Council Executive Board members

IMPLEMENTED

2D

All Precinct Councils submit copy of all monthly meeting minutes with cover memorandum from precinct commanding officer

IMPLEMENTED

2E

Precinct Councils mandated to establish a membership recruitment subcommittee to recruit a representation of community

UNDER
CONSIDERATION

2F

Establish Precinct Council funding

NOT NYPD

3

The task force recommends the enhancement of Youth Program Services

IMPLEMENTED

3A

 Increase the Youth Academy to 5,000 participants per year

REJECTED

3B

Implement Police Youth Encounter workshops at schools and housing sites

IMPLEMENTED

3C

See additional funding sources for GREAT

IMPLEMENTED

3D

Develop a pilot program for recidivist youths in five precincts with highest rate of recidivism

IMPLEMENTED

3E

Establish a Beacon School in the 70th Precinct

NOT NYPD

3F

Launch a citywide public service campaign on rights and responsibilities

IMPLEMENTED

3G

Human Rights Commission develop workshops and materials for youths on rights and responsibilities in interactions with police

NOT NYPD

4

The task force recommends expansion of patrol officer involvement in community service

IMPLEMENTED

4A

Require all patrol and youth officers to participate in one community activity per month

PARTIALLY
IMPLEMENTED

4B

Provide promotional credits for outstanding demonstration of CPR principles

PARTIALLY
IMPLEMENTED

5

The task force recommends implementation of a system for measuring police-community relations

IMPLEMENTED

5A

NYPD design and implement a COMPSTAT-like strategy for CPR

PARTIALLY
IMPLEMENTED

6

The task force recommends implementation of a precinct-based, citizen-police information seminar series and citizen-police town hall dialogues

PARTIALLY
IMPLEMENTED

6A

Develop and implement a citizen-police information seminar series facilitated by active patrol officers

IN
DEVELOPMENT

6B

Develop and institute citizen-police town hall dialogues

PARTIALLY
IMPLEMENTED

7

The task force recommends the enhancement of NYPD's access to language interpreter services

UNDER
CONSIDERATION

7A

Increase funding and staffing of the precinct receptionist program (one receptionist per precinct)

UNDER
CONSIDERATION

7B

Increase use of Language Line

IMPLEMENTED

7C

Reimbursement for tuition costs for foreign language education

UNDER
CONSIDERATION

8

The task force recommends the reinvigoration of the Clergy Liaison program

IMPLEMENTED

8A

Enhance training and operations of the Clergy Liaison program

IMPLEMENTED

8B

Support the Adopt a Cop program

IMPLEMENTED

9

The task force recommends the enhancement of the status of the Office of the Deputy Commissioner for Community Affairs

IMPLEMENTED

9A

Greater liaison between precincts and Community Affairs

IMPLEMENTED

9B

Create an adequate budget for DCCA

IMPLEMENTED

9C

Internal program development and evaluation team for DCCA

REJECTED

9D

Change title of Community Affairs to Community Relations

REJECTED

10

The task force recommends implementation of a pilot Community Affairs Response Team (CART)

PARTIALLY
IMPLEMENTED

10A

Develop and implement a CART pilot in a precinct subject to community unrest

PARTIALLY
IMPLEMENTED

11

The task force recommends implementation of an annual Civilian Recognition Ceremony

IMPLEMENTED

11A

The task force recommends implementation of an annual Civilian Recognition Ceremony to be merged with the CPR recognition ceremony

IMPLEMENTED

1

The task force recommends implementation of public-private advertising initiative similar to the recent effort in New Orleans

IMPLEMENTED

2

The task force supports the continuation of the department's entrance examination tutoring efforts

IMPLEMENTED

3

The task force recommends the enhancement of the NYPD Cadet Corps

IMPLEMENTED

4

The task force recommends to the mayor the development of a comprehensive employment policy with the goal of ensuring that the NYPD's makeup reflects the racial diversity of the city. This policy should include a prospective residency requirement for all NYPD employees hired after the effective date of the plan

IMPLEMENTED

5

The task force recommends that the NYPD implement an aggressive affirmative action plan designed to create a police force more reflective of the city's population

IMPLEMENTED

1

The task force recommends the enhancement of cultural diversity training at the Police Academy

IMPLEMENTED

1A

The department should create a proactive curriculum that exposes students to the diverse and changing natures of the city's communities

IMPLEMENTED

1B

Creation and use of video vignettes that explore each ethnic group

IMPLEMENTED

2

The task force supports the efforts of the Policing Institute and the continued participation of the NYPD in this program

IMPLEMENTED

3

The task force recommends the enhancement of the field training component of the Police Academy

IMPLEMENTED

3A

Expansion of field training from 3 to 6 months

IMPLEMENTED

3B

Recruits should be required to participate in community-based activities while on duty

IMPLEMENTED

3C

Require recruits to participate in a daylong field training program on Riker s Island with the Department of Correction

REJECTED

4

The task force recommends the enhancement of cultural diversity training at borough and precinct orientation

IMPLEMENTED

4A

Community Affairs Officers create and maintain precinct specific resource books

IMPLEMENTED

4B

Create and utilize precinct-specific language card memo book inserts

IMPLEMENTED

5

The task force recommends the enhancement of in-service cultural diversity training

IMPLEMENTED

5A

Create an in-service diversity skills workshop: 6-month weekly class series that would be given to approximately 30 officers in every precinct, PSA, and district

PARTIALLY
IMPLEMENTED

6

The task force recommends the enhancement of cultural diversity training in the Leadership and Executive Development programs

IMPLEMENTED

6A

Create a highly selective Sergeant's Leadership Institute

REJECTED

6B

Mandate participation in diversity training courses for all department executives

IMPLEMENTED

6C

Award points in the promotion process for advanced education and specialized training

PARTIALLY
IMPLEMENTED

7

The task force recommends the creation of a Board of Visitors for the New York Police Academy to act as advisors to the mayor and the police commissioner

IMPLEMENTED

8

The task force recommends whatever subsequent body replaces it investigate the following ideas:

1. Replace all of the academic course given at

the Police Academy with equivalent credit

bearing courses at accredited colleges

 

2. Increase the minimum education requirement

for acceptance into the Police Academy to a

bachelor s degree from an accredited college

or university

3. Create model training precincts

4. Field training or internship for recruits at

victim services agencies, hospital emergency

rooms, child welfare and protective agencies

NOT NYPD

1

The task force recommends the city increase the number of custodians assigned to its precincts to the extent that the overall budget consideration permit

IMPLEMENTED

2

The task force recommends the creation of a career path program for patrol officers with the following features and incentives:

IMPLEMENTED

2A

Create community patrol specialists in each precinct, PSA and district

IMPLEMENTED

2B

Precinct commanders would recommend officers for community patrol specialists

IMPLEMENTED

2C

The police department should develop a means of community input regarding an officer's performance

PARTIALLY
IMPLEMENTED

3

In order to attract the best and brightest to the NYPD and thus to improve police-community relations, the city should recognize that the current force is underpaid and a significant increase in wages is needed to adequately compensate police officers

NOT NYPD

4

The task force recommend the elimination of the 48-hour rule

PARTIALLY
IMPLEMENTED

5

The task force recommends the creation of an independent auditor/monitor and evaluate the civilian compliant process administered by the CCRB and the NYPD

NOT NYPD

5A

Create a screening body to identify the less serious complaints and refer them without a full investigation for resolution by mediation or conciliation

NOT NYPD

5B

Form a permanent auditor-monitor board, independent of the police department to monitor and evaluate the CCRB investigation process and the police department's disciplinary process and publicly report its findings

NOT NYPD

5C

Designate senior NYPD official and CCRB member to act as liaisons between their respective agencies and the auditor-monitor

NOT NYPD

6

The task force supports the enactment of City Council Intro. 250

NOT NYPD

7

The task force endorses the view that public safety and positive police-community relations compel leaving police disciplinary matters solely in the hands of the police commissioner, and that the police commissioner's disciplinary determination be accorded great deference

IMPLEMENTED

8

The task force acknowledges the mayor's push to enhance CCRB s operations and output, but recommends that its budget be further increased commensurate with NYPD staffing increases

NOT NYPD

8A

The CCRB must hold public town hall meetings no less than five times a year in each borough at least once per year

NOT NYPD

8B

The CCRB must issue its 6-month report within 45 days of the closing period

NOT NYPD

8C

CCRB should issue reports on patterns and practice of police abuse

NOT NYPD

8D

Successor body should examine the effectiveness of the Department Advocate s Office in prosecuting police officers

NOT NYPD

8E

The NYPD and CCRB should compile a broad range of statistics on a daily, weekly, monthly, and annual basis

IMPLEMENTED

9

The task force recommends a comprehensive review of psychological testing practices used by the NYPD

IMPLEMENTED

9A

Comprehensive review of the pre-employment psychological screening protocol

IMPLEMENTED

9B

Review should examine the Psychological Services Unit for issues regarding confidentiality, service utilization, quality of service delivery, size and diversity of staff

IMPLEMENTED



[1] See March 1998 Task Force Report, pp. vii ix.